Hair transplant is the latest craze not only for those who have lost their hair to untimely fall but even for them who want to alter their hairlines or acquire an attractive mane. A hair transplant procedure provides results that look and feel so natural, no one should be able to tell if one has had the procedure done. You must be thinking that are hair transplants really safe? Does hair transplant last? To know about it, keep reading.
There are two main techniques of hair transplant based on the way the follicle units are extracted. They are the Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) and the Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). The FUT technique is also known as the strip method. Both these methods involve surgery and so proper advice is imperative in order to decide the best method of hair transplant.
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT):
The strip method also called FUT is a surgical procedure. With Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) method, the hairs at the back of the scalp are cut short for the surgery. Surgery of that section of the scalp is performed. The wound created by the surgery is then stitched up or stapled. Further, the removed portion of the scalp is divided and then put under a few microscopes for surgeons to use sharp blades to separate grafts into units of one to four hairs. While the technicians are separating the grafts, the physician then creates the hairline and recipient sites using a needle or a specific blade on the scalp. After the recipient sites are created, the surgeon then placed the grafts into the sites using forceps. The grafts with a single hair are placed in the front to get a more natural hairline. The rest are placed behind for the density.
Advantages of the FUT method:
- It helps in covering large patches of baldness on your scalp with fewer sittings.
- It ensures lesser resection rates with better results compared to other methods. However, the result largely depends on the skill of the surgeon.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE):
FUE is a more advanced method of hair transplants than techniques like strip harvesting transplantation or FUT which were previously available.
While performing a Follicular unit extraction (FUE), the surgeon extracts hair follicles from the donor area, and from the back of the neck, using an authorized and specialized extraction instrument less than 1mm of diameter. Follicles are then transferred to the recipient area on your scalp and a microscope is used for implantation. This surgical process is a very normal surgical procedure so you will be fully conscious the whole time as it is a painless procedure and an only local anesthetic is required. Recovery time is short as compared to other methods and the risk of complications is low as well.
After the procedure surgeon will provide you with clear instructions on the care post-surgery, as well as about the medication and topical treatments to give you the best result possible from the surgery.
Advantages of the FUE method:
- It does not involve any stitch, incision, or pain
- It ensures that the donor area normalizes within two days
- It gives natural-looking and permanent results quickly
- It involves minimally invasive techniques
- It ensures speedy recovery in most of the cases so that patients can get back to normal activities within a day.
FUE v/s FUT
|FUE Technique||FUT Stripe technique|
|Use of Sutures, or Staples||NO||YES|
|Operating Time for surgery-2000 Grafts||10-12 Hours||5-8 Hours|
|Invasiveness of Procedure||+||+++|
|Hair Length Preference||Short||MEDIUM|
|Requirement of short hair Prior to Procedure||YES||NO|
|Linear Scar on donor site||NO||YES|
|Maximum harvesting of Follicles Per Session||2000||2000-2500|
|Healing Time of Donor Site||3-4 DAYS||10-14 DAYS|
|Local Tumescent Anesthesia / Oral Sedation||YES||YES|
|Tight Scalp Sensation post-operation||NO||NO|
|Bleeding & Nerve Damage risk||NO||LOW|
|Donor Site infection risk||VERY LOW||LOW|
Above mentioned are the 2 techniques used for hair transplant. As long as the best hair transplant method is concerned. It is known that the FUE method is better for patients in all the way and especially those who don’t want any scars post-surgery. It also seems a better solution for young patients who might require only a minor treatment and also for those who have a tendency towards extreme scarring. At this point, if someone chooses to wear their hair short, FUE is known as the best method of hair transplant. To wind up, there is no best or right method of hair transplant for all in common. Each of the methods has its own merits and demerits. So, the method differs from person to person. The best decision can be given to you by the surgeon after the consultation.